Soil is a distinctive mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids, and the myriad of organisms that together support plant life. It acts as an engineering medium, a recycling system for nutrients, a regulator of water quality, a modifier of atmospheric composition, the largest surficial global carbon reservoir on Earth, and potentially one of the most reactive to human disturbance and climate change. The world’s ecosystems can be impacted in far reaching ways by the processes carried out in the soil, from ozone depletion and global warming, to rain forest destruction and water pollution.

Soil incorporates a range of available niches and habitats for optimum plant growth. The rise in the use of pesticides and other types of adulterations over the years is severely effecting the environment. The health of domestic animals as well as humans is also deteriorating because of the increased presence of these adulterations in the fruits and vegetables that we consume.